Richard Nixon was the first president in American history to resign the nation's highest office. His resignation came after approval of an impeachment article against him by the House Judiciary Committee for withholding evidence from Congress. He stepped down as the 37th president with a 2,026-day term, urging Americans to rally behind Gerald R. Ford. President Ford fully pardoned Nixon one month later.
Nixon announced his resignation — "effective at noon tomorrow" — in an Oval Office speech from the White House on Aug. 8, 1974. After a speech to staff on the morning of Aug. 9, Nixon departed the White House and Ford was sworn in.
Here are photos of these events, 45 years ago: